The Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
The Divine Liturgy is the most celebrated liturgy in Ukrainian Catholic churches. It is named after the anaphora of the same name which is its main part and is attributed to St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople in the 5th century. The Divine Liturgy is a eucharistic service. It contains two parts: the Liturgy of the Catechumens, sometimes called the Liturgy of the Word, at which the Scriptures are proclaimed and expounded; and the Liturgy of the Faithful, sometimes called the Liturgy of the Eucharist, in which the gifts of bread and wine are offered and consecrated; the faithful then partake of them in the Mystery of Holy Communion. The Church teaches that the gifts truly become the body and blood of Jesus Christ. The Prothesis (or Proskomedia), the service of preparing the holy gifts, can be considered a third part which precedes the Liturgy proper.
“We no longer knew whether we were in heaven or on earth.”
– Emissaries of St. Volodymyr after witnessing the Divine Liturgy at Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.
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